Vargas Family: Career Evaluation Case Study

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The choice of a career is a complex process that has a significant impact on the entire course of a person’s life. The process of making decisions is influenced by various aspects, such as relationships between the members of the group as well as role models and the system of particular values. This article aims to analyze the situation that is that of the Vargas family, where the desire of Veronica faces the opposition of her father and insistence on her medical school. To understand how counseling can be helpful in this particular circumstance the client’s perspective and the genogram will be clarified and theories of careers will be applied in a manner that is appropriate.

The most prominent multigenerational element in the particular Vargas family is conflict that is portrayed by different relatives. The first is that the mother of Veronica’s father is not able to recognize her mother’s role, which is evident in her attitude towards her. The second issue is that George who is her father, teenager is not aware of her potential and so they get screamed at in the counseling facility. It is also apparent that George subconsciously copies his mother’s actions and behaves as the authoritative leader of the family. He does not recognize that others may have their own views. The issue also involves both the mother who is Veronica, Sarah, who believes in her daughter’s dreams and George.

With regard to the existent interactions between different Generations, Veronica experiences stress and embarrassment. As counselors, it’s possible to say that the girl’s perspective is a bit shaky and pessimistic. She isn’t sure the ways in which counseling facilities can help the girl, so her views of aid are linked to zero benefits for her. Being a victim of multiple conflicts, Veronica is likely to be susceptible to stressful situations and depression. Additionally, her view is vast as her boyfriend as well as friends. She is also involved in social responsibility, helping out at the hospital in her area. The girl can be described as a responsible and dependable person who is afflicted by family issues that hamper her progress and career growth. The aforementioned issues, such as intolerance, and a lack of respect for each other and respect in the family affect the views of Veronica.

Additional Information is Required

Although the most crucial details are presented in the instance, the counselor needs to inquire about Veronica’s goals and goals related to her choice of career. It is essential to make sure that she is aware of her future responsibilities and general requirements for being an oncologist for children. In addition is that it is recommended that the Strong Interest Inventory (STI) must be provided to her to determine her career goals and skills by assessing different areas of her personality, including social, investigational and realistic, as well as creative, and traditional.

The test can be helpful to assess the real-world capabilities of the client which could be used to choose strategies to help improve the present situation within the family. Additionally the counselor should talk to Veronica privately to inquire about the factors that draw her to be a particular individual, which can be beneficial to understand her motivations in both short as well as long-term timeframes. Details about her relationship with her siblings and parents are also important to collect to avoid similar issues with the other children in the family.

Employing Career Theories

There is a myriad of theories utilized by employers and counselors to comprehend the reasons that influence a person’s decision to pick a particular career or one over the other. While some individuals have confidence in their decision while others are unsure and influenced by others with Veronica. The concept of a developmental career, often called the theory of career growth was developed by Super and then Savicka (McMahon (2016)). It suggests that self-concept tends to change over time and experience, which forms the foundation of the career model. There are five major stages of the formation of self-concept which include the stages of growth (age from 0-14) and exploration (15-24) and establishment (25-44) and maintenance (45-64) and the decline (65and above) (McMahon 2016). The way people view and perceive themselves changes during these stages and is the primary factor that determines the perceptions of a career.

The factor theory and trait theory is yet another important framework that supports the fundamental concept of utilizing individual characteristics to determine if a person is suitable for an work. The basic notion of this theory is the traits that exhibit relatively stable patterns of behaviour, feelings and decisions (Atli 2016,). Factors are the 2nd concept, which can be described as the set of characteristics associated with an individual’s thinking and acting. The person who developed the concept, Holland has developed STI divisions. Information obtained from Veronica can be used to match her choice of career to her personality (Atli atli, 2016). If the client is a client, further tests must be taken to present their findings to her father to determine if her decision is correct or not. For instance the DISCOVER tool of the American College Testing Program can be utilized.

The theory of social cognition (SCT) developed by Bandura suggests that one is observant of others and gains knowledge from them, which acts as a motivation for career choices. The majority of positive and negative opinions about the career path are derived from the ages of childhood and adolescence and self-efficacy creates the link between his or her desired goal and their perceptions about their own capabilities. According to Bandura that people are more likely to pursue careers that appear be more appealing to them, even though they are already able or have the capacity to develop the necessary skills (McMahon 2016).

The significance in this concept is individuals who are aspiring to become pediatricians are able to acquire the necessary skills as their self-esteem is the main motivational factor.

The application of the theory of career development to Veronica is due to the fact that the disagreement with her father could be understood by the use of it. Particularly the concept of roles is outlined in the theory, where the person is in the stage of exploration and George’s role is one of maintenance. For Veronica the most important thing is to look for new roles and try out different ways of trying to improve your knowledge and capabilities and looking for opportunities. At the same time, the maintenance stage indicates that the person has established their career but was not stagnant. George insists on a career of an assistant nurses for his child as he is unable to accept that any other viewpoint could be true.

For a man in the military who has dedicated his whole life to serving, it appears to be impossible Veronica could choose a career that is in contradiction to his idea of himself. It is the responsibility for the counsellor to show George that each person is a unique person with a specific view of who they are in relation to work.

Although all the parts of the theory of developmental careers can be relevant to Veronica but the factor theory and trait theory is not as effective due to it focuses on the environment that a person is living in. The vocational guidance system could be misled by the family environment that is not supportive of Veronica and must be considered by the counselor in suggesting a specific intervention. Some critics point out that the theory does not seem to take into account variations in the lifespan of a person gender, gender-specific differences, and cohesion. However it is claimed that the theory of trait and factor can lead to greater performance and satisfaction in the workplace when the traits and duties that are similar. Applying that theory on the Vargas family the counselor will be able to determine which career path would most suit Veronica and could cause George to reconsider the categorical opposition.

In terms of the application to the SCT theories to Veronica the theory is vital to note that the degree to which an individual believes that their actions contribute to the accomplishment of a goal The self-efficacy beliefs are correlated to the expectations associated with these outcomes. Bandura however, states that self-efficacy beliefs do not always correspond to expectations of the outcome particularly in instances where results are either completely or partially beyond human control.

Additionally, the study conducted of Agllias (2016) indicates that a belief in one’s the personal power of a person predicts behavior more accurately than expectations of outcomes. The opponents of the SCT started to focus on the details of what people say about themselves. Yet, one must to know if thorough verbal self-reports as well as the favorable conditions that were created to receive self-reports are able to be able to cope in the context that people frequently is unaware of the is happening within his or her personal world.

The professional path of adolescent is in large part influenced by the model of the family and relations between the members. In this particular instance the mother is involved in her daughter’s quest to become a pediatric surgeon even though she is encouraging Veronica in secret. The research shows the fact that those parents tolerant and devoted to their kids are far more involved in their decision-making process (Agllias (2016)). In contrast, George seems to be unresponsive to Veronica’s desires that show an inability to secure the bond and, as a consequence confusion and unproductive conflict between the two.

Recommendations for Interventions

An absence of motivation to study, as choices of a profession usually result in lower academic performance, which leads to a lack of attention in class. In this instance the wrong choice of profession can cause Veronica to seek retraining to avoid mental discomfort or the inability of growth in her career. Counselor guidance from a professional can benefit the family, the individual and the society in a variety of sectors. In the first place, it can assist Veronica along with her husband understand themselves better and recognize different kinds of activities and ways to integrate the two. In addition, it will make sure that it is effective in coordinating the person to the requirements of the market for employment. Additionally, professional assistance aids in the growth of the economy through efficient utilization of human resources. Fourth, it improves the perception of social cohesion and justice since the counselor will choose the task based on skills as well as interests, opportunities and.

The initial suggestion is conflict resolution therapy , which is designed to provide people with the tools that they require to collaborate in resolving tensions. The key to this therapy is listening. of this therapy and is based on the assumption to be the case that Veronica along with her parent will understand the other’s desires to collaborate (Falloon 2015). Training in conflict resolution skills is comprised of these steps declaration of the initial position and the identification of key issues and the creation of a strategy of actions. The training activities for building skills must be integrated into all session with the counselor.

Therapy for families is the next treatment that could be suggested in the Vargas family because of its emphasis upon communication, as a means to solve personal conflicts among members of the family. In order to assist this family improve their relationship the counselor should define the objectives of setting healthy boundaries and increasing understanding between them. A minimum of five sessions must be scheduled to address the challenges and improve the bond between parents and daughter by utilizing methods of the social cognitive theory. Particularly anger management and constructive dialog-building skills must be emphasized (Falloon 2015).).

It is essential that family members are able to openly communicate with and forgiving each other and understand the triggers that cause conflict. Faith in the father’s story and the concept of explaining and defending her own position are crucial for Veronica. Given that the conflict of the client is inextricably linked to George’s mother, all of the contributing factors must be considered.

Significant Cultural Factors

The differing social and cultural values within an intergenerational context greatly impact families like the Vargas family. George’s grandmother, who’s aged 88, is critical of George for not going to the church or marrying Sarah. George’s wife comes from an ethnically Jewish family, however the couple do not place a high value on religious belief and would rather not participate in any similar activities. The way that Sarah is known as “that woman” indicates the attitudes of the older generation towards younger generations. In the same way the conflict is seen by Veronica who is inclined to emulate her father’s actions and then get into conflict against her parent.

It is important to note from a cultural point of the perspective that Georg’s view of life does not align with the views of his daughter who appears to be spending too much time in school instead of having fun. Veronica believes the father of her child is proud of her choices and thoughts, but the different attitude towards the lifestyle of a young girl creates conflict.

The counselor’s own cultural beliefs and prejudices may affect the client’s cultural affinities. It’s the most typical mistake when a counselor associates their experience with the experience of the person whom he consults. Pedersen, Lonner, Draguns, Trimble, and Scharron-del Rio (2015) mention that younger and less experienced counselors tend to modify their methods in relation to the cultural similarities of a client. In this situation the counselor must be aware of the principles that are part of that particular Vargas family should take precedence over personal concerns.


In conclusion, it is important to stress that this case reveals the dilemma between Veronica who wants switch her profession to become a pediatric oncologist and her father who wants a nursing career. The Strong Inventory Test is needed to assess the fundamental capabilities of the patient and to understand the family conflict more effectively through the theory of developmental careers and the theory of trait and factor and the SCT. Based on the examination of the situation, the application in conflict management therapy as well as family therapy is recommended to train the family on strategies for dealing with conflict including listening to others to communication, as well as constructive dialogue.

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