Veronica Vargas: Career Counseling

0/5 No votes

Report this app



Career counseling, which is an extensive sphere of theory and practical guidelines aimed to help clients make appropriate choices for their careers at various stages of their lives it addresses a wide range of particular instances. To create an effective intervention plan to resolve the issue of the client counselors must examine the client’s views on the world, their family background, as well as the individual’s preferences and skills through a competent communication process and the proper implementation of theoretical concepts. In this article an investigation that examines Veronica Vargas will be analyzed using factors like genogram creation and interpretation of worldviews and theory application and conceptualization of the client and intervention discussion, as well as descriptions of cultural issues.

Genogram of the Client

In Illustration 1, the Veronica’s genealogy includes the mother and father’s branches, leading to three children, which include Veronica, Annie, and Lewis.

The genogram indicates that the most influential factors on the career choices of Veronica within the Vargas family is the parents of her, George as well as Sarah. Based on the conversation with the client her relationship with her mother is more secure than her relationship between her father and mother. This suggests it is likely that Veronica tends to be more inclined to follow in the footsteps of Sarah and pursue an important profession in the field of healthcare. George’s rigid attitude towards his choices in life influenced by his previous career as a soldier and the unique cultural aspects of a Latino family places psychological restrictions on his daughter’s choices in her career. Additionally, as Veronica as the oldest child within the familia, she has the responsibility of her parents because of her position as the most dominant in the family of Vargas the children.

Worldview Description of the Client’s Worldview Description

According to the study’s description, Veronica perceives herself as an accomplished person whose success and persevering education has contributed to professional advancement. From her high school days the student has volunteered to work in a pediatric department at an area hospital and has found a passion for this type of job. In terms of developmental theory of career, Veronica is at the phase of exploration in her career in which she narrows her possibilities of her next job but isn’t able to decide on a specific career path (Zunker 2016). In the end, the decision about the career choice is important for the individual and affects her relationship with others.

Based on the theory of trait and factor the accomplishments of the student in the field of nursing as well as the general disposition of the client to collaborate with others allow us to identify their strengths and weakness (Zunker (2016)). The diversity of the backgrounds of her parents’ cultures which includes the fact that her father’s family originated from Guatemala and her mother is from a Jewish family, defines the context of Veronica’s views towards career choices.

The conflict of expectations and values between two cultures creates the dilemma Veronica faces between her desired career and the mandatory one. George’s perception of the unique role played by the oldest daughter of the family, and his encouragement to Veronica to be more social with her friends and boyfriends, instead of studying and working indicate that the father would like his daughter to fulfill an important family role, not professional.

However family members are crucial for the client because of the family values that are a part of the relationships in Latino communities. Veronica is scared by the necessity of visiting a counselor due to the fact that the issues regarding career choice don’t appear to be significant enough to require assistance outside of the family. But her self-esteem is sufficient to be able to be able to pursue her dream career. The challenge of the situation is in the clash of family values and contemplation of the future career job.

Needed Additional Information

In the first interviewing, additional details about educational accomplishments is required to assess the degree of development of skills. A more detailed understanding of the situation based on the choice of career made by the client during private conversations will aid in more precise evaluation of her outlook on life. The counselor will require the client’s descriptions of what she believes about this field of medicine in terms of a field of study.

Additionally, it is crucial to define Veronica’s view of factors that are influential in determining the change in her career. In analyzing the situation one must consider the particular learning experiences that were acquired in the professional environment. Because the patient has an experience of working in a pediatric department, her comments on the benefits and drawbacks of the specific environment will be valuable to be used in the future. It will aid in understanding the fuller picture of the issue under discussion and aid in the creation of an intervention program for the individual. A good amount of data will aid in the counseling process and aid in the integration of the appropriate interventions.

Krumboltz’s Learning Theory

Basic Concepts and Constructs

The theory of social learning that is known as the theory of learning in career counselling (LTCC) covers the understanding of the many kinds of interactions with others as the primary causes of choosing a career. The theory was first created and refined by Krumboltz, Mitchell, and Gelatt in the late 1970s, and then further expanded through Krumboltz as well as Mitchel (Zunker Zunker, 2016). According to this model the decision-making process regarding a career depends on the interaction of life events and the conditions that surround a person. Therefore, the family’s and genetic tendencies, environmental aspects, education achievements and development of skills are all the basis for the final decision about the profession.

The researchers behind the theoretical approach provide four fundamental factors that influence the development of a career. The first factor is genetic inheritance and addresses the individual traits that are passed down through generations or professional traits that are passed down through the family. The second aspect is related to circumstances and environmental events like natural disasters, natural resources or conditions of living that are not under the control of the individual but can influence the selection of a profession (Zunker 2016).

Learning experiences are the third element of influence that includes the instrumental as well as “associative educational experiences” (Zunker (2016), 34, p. 34). On one side, instrumental learning involves drawing conclusions about specific actions and the consequences they have through social interaction or personal experiences. However, associative learning experiences are based on “negative and positive responses to previously neutral circumstances” (Zunker 2016 page. 34).

In the end, task-oriented skills make up the fourth most influential element and include a range of abilities, such as problem-solving, decision-making emotional and cognitive responses that help determine the possibility of pursue a specific career path (Zunker 2016). The theory seeks to simplify the process of counseling and focuses on the unique characteristics of each individual client, based on which factor is most influential. will be different.

Concepts that are not applicable to the Client

When considering the specific nature of the influences a individual might encounter and the individual character of each person’s experiences, none of the previously mentioned ideas could be relevant to the particular case that of Veronica Vargas. In actuality, with the exception of the description of the scenario of the research case study aren’t any particular circumstances in the community that the client is living in that could influence her decision to switch from nursing to medical. Thus, the issue of environmental circumstances is not relevant in this case because of the absence of the exceptional environmental influences that can influence career-related behavior.

Case Conceptualization

The selection of this theory will be determined by the variety of the influences that pertain to the particular case. The concerns regarding the career of the client are determined by her ethnic and cultural background and the experiences she has had in her education and abilities. According Zunker (2016) Krumboltz’s theory was developed as an theoretical framework to develop the ability to make career decisions that can be beneficial to the client not only during counseling sessions but throughout their lifespan. Additionally, the use of LTCC will guarantee a comprehensive examination of the various elements that influence our lives and will help to resolve the problem of the shift of education for professionals from nursing towards pediatric oncology. The theory does not limit itself to a single view and can be used to provide a wider understanding of the issue depending on the impact of different elements that have been observed in the situation.

Based on the socio-learning model of Veronica’s, the genetic gift is a desire to assist others , like her mother who is social worker. Hereditary intellectual capabilities and dedication to important tasks are a major factor in the client’s decision to pursue a career in medicine that will require greater responsibility and more specific professional capabilities as opposed to nursing. In the end, the genetic component is a major factor in the decision-making process of Veronica’s career. The experiences of instrumental and associative learning originate from the social context that includes family members of the person who is the primary element in Veronica’s case.

First of all, the instrumental learning experiences develop through the influence of observational beliefs about how important pediatric cancerology is as a field of study. This influence is caused by Veronica’s self-observation , as she’s had a positive job in the department of pediatrics and has expressed her satisfaction working in this type of job. Additionally, as her boyfriend is enrolled in the medical education facility The desire to move may be driven by need to fit into the social norms.

However, the reaction of the father of Veronica’s daughter’s involvement in medicine in her high school days as well as her first year in college, impose negative views on the field as unsuitable. This same mix of emotions is evident when studying the associative learning experiences that are uncovered in comparing medicine and nursing. On one hand, the notion that having a doctor’s license is more trustworthy as compared to being a nurse can serve as an incentive to change towards medical practice.

However, George’s assertions about the expense of further education and the unsuitability of the medical field for his youngest daughter can trigger an adverse response to the pediatric field as a career option for Veronica. In addition, the task-oriented abilities that the client acquired through volunteering and her college education could affect her decision-making in the field of pediatrics.

Counseling Interventions

To identify the impact of the studied elements on the client, counselors can employ a variety of assessments and therapeutic strategies to assist Veronica discern between the significant and less significant factors in her decision-making, and then solve the problem. It is worth noting that the relationship with the client would be maintained in accordance with the principles of motivational interviewing. This method has proven to be extremely effective in the resolution of concerns regarding their career (Klonek, Wunderlich, Spurk Kauffeld, Wunderlich, and Spurk in 2016).

The first method that could be suitable for this case is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator which can assist Veronica determine her personal is a good fit for the department for children (Yang, Richard, & Durkin 2016). The instrument titled My Vocational Situation (VMS) can be used as a method of identifying the root cause of the issue. Three of the components of VMS which is known as Emotional or Personal Barriers will aid in solving issues under the influence of father’s disapproval, and also identify possibilities of difficulties in decision-making (Zunker (2016)).

Additionally it is possible that the California Test of Personality might be used to assess the nature of relationships within the family and how they impact on the choice of career (Zunker (2016)). According to Fouad, Kim, Ghosh, Chang, and Figueiredo (2016) affirm that the role played by the family is vital to the selection of a career, particularly for those who depend on the support of their parents. In the same way, Whiston and Cinamon (2015) insist that the family-work relationship could cause distress and should be considered carefully for career counsellors.

In the end, the Work Values Inventory would be employed to evaluate “altruism artistic, creative in the workplace, intellectual stimulation, the ability to be independent as well as prestige, management economic return” and other aspects of the professional environment (Zunker 2016 p. 128). The combination of these interventions will likely to yield positive outcomes in the process of counseling.

The Influential Factors that Impact Work with the Client

The specific aspects of working with Veronica may be affected by her gender, age and the mixed backgrounds of the family she comes from. Because this client may be a freshman undergraduate, particular age should be considered when development of interventions and communication. The client needs to be treated as an responsible adult through the use of positive methods. Since the client is woman, it’s crucial to guide the counseling process to identify the perceptions of the female client about female roles within the household and in society, in order to keep the same therapeutic methods. Furthermore it is important to note that the Vargas family is of multi-cultural background, in which their mother happens to be Jewish while the father of Latino. Thus, it is essential to research the specifics of the perceptions of careers by both groups to ensure that the actions are in line with the views of Veronica.

Culture-based Values of Counselors as well as Biases Influencing the Client

It is generally recognized in the field of counseling in the field of counseling that work done by professionals who works with a multi-cultural population should be performed within the context of the boundaries of cultural sensitivity (Dillon and others. 2016,). If a counselor fails to meet the standards of competency in multicultural counseling could result in therapy failure. So, the biases experienced in working with Veronica could be based due to interpersonal communications due to cultural differences due to the fact that Veronica is from an Latino family. To prevent this from happening the counselor must examine the specifics of the Latino culture. In addition, since the client was disinclined to begin counseling sessions, and did not consider these sessions to be a dignified practice, it may be difficult to convince Veronica to participate in the counseling sessions.


In conclusion the scenario in the case of Veronica Vargas is complicated due to the numerous factors that influence her career-related issues when she decides to switch between pediatric and nursing. The counseling strategies must be interpreted in accordance with the Krumboltz Learning Theory, which best is suited to the circumstances where the patient is in a classroom setting and is questioned by family members’ perspectives. In order to be successful in therapy counsellors must ensure the multicultural competence of their clients and be aware of every factor that can influence the outcome to lessen prejudices and aid in the solution of the issue.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *